By Karl P. Mueller, Jasen J. Castillo, Forrest E. Morgan, Negeen Pegahi, Brian Rosen
RAND venture AIR strength studied the post-9/11 shift in U.S. safeguard coverage emphasis towards preemptive and preventive assault, asking less than what stipulations preemptive or preventive assault is worthy contemplating as a reaction to perceived threats. It thought of the position such first-strike concepts are inclined to play in destiny U.S. nationwide safety coverage. eventually, it pointed out implications those conclusions have for army planners and policymakers as they organize to accommodate nationwide defense threats within the subsequent decade.
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Extra info for Striking First: Preemptive and Preventive Attack in U.S. National Security Policy (Rand Corporation Monograph)
19, No. 3, 2002, pp. 31–36; Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Choice: Global Dominance of Global Leadership, New York: Basic Books, 2004. 9 The 2002 NSS’s statements regarding striking ﬁrst are excerpted in their entirety in Appendix D. A revised NSS, released in 2006, discussed striking ﬁrst less extensively, but states, “The place of preemption in our national security strategy remains the same” (George W. : The White House, 2006, p. 33). 10 Richard K. Betts, “The Soft Underbelly of American Primacy: Tactical Advantages of Terror,” Political Science Quarterly, Vol.
Preventive Attack Preventive attacks have much in common with preemptive ones, but they are launched in response to less immediate threats. 20 There are many conditions under which a state might prefer not to delay ﬁghting an apparently inevitable war, or even one that merely appears likely. 21 Anticipating unfavorable shifts in the allegiance or capabilities of allies can produce similar incentives for preventive war. Fighting sooner rather than later may appear to oﬀer 19 Dan Reiter, “Exploding the Powder Keg Myth: Preemptive Wars Almost Never Happen,” International Security, Vol.
14 Charles L. : Cornell University Press, 1989; and the oﬀensedefense theory references cited below. For arguments that dismiss this line of logic, see Stephen Peter Rosen, “Nuclear Arms and Strategic Defense,” Washington Quarterly, 1981, pp. 82–99; and Richard K. Betts, “Surprise Attack and Preemption,” in Graham T. Allison, Albert Carnesale, and Joseph S. , Hawks, Doves, and Owls: An Agenda for Avoiding Nuclear War, New York: Norton, 1985, pp. 54–79. 15 The foundations of oﬀense-defense theory were ﬁrst outlined in George H.