By Trevor Munroe
Crucial fabric for first-year scholars in social sciences and for the overall reader attracted to the fundamentals of latest politics.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Politics: Lectures for First Year Students
Egalitarianism In an egalitarian relationship the leader and followers regard each other as relatively equal. The leader is respected and valued but he or she is not seen as being up on a pedestal with everyone else down below. In egalitarian relations the followers also regard themselves as having legitimate positions and opinions, which the leader needs to hear and take into account. This type of leader–follower relationship is participatory. Political Culture 17 By this, we mean that the leader expects the followers to participate actively in decision making.
The leader not only tolerates disagreement but values different points of views. In this kind of relationship the leader is not a general, a prophet or a saviour, he or she is more the captain of a team who understands that the participation of every member of the team is important. This leader knows that as “team captain”, he or she needs and must encourage the different skills and talents of the members of the team. From the 1980s onwards, in my opinion, the citizens and particularly the younger people in Jamaica and the Caribbean are less responsive to the type of leader who knows it all and are more inclined to follow the egalitarian/participatory type of leadership.
In these states there is no equality in the rule of the law. The law is for some but the rulers are above the law. The rules that exist are influenced by the desires of the ruling group, which may change from time to time. 41 8 DEMOCRATIC STATES In the modern world, approximately 60 percent of the states are classified as democracies. The word democracy comes from the bringing together of two Greek words, demos, which means people, and kratia, which means to rule. In democratic states, elections are relatively free and fair.