Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Naval Studies Board, Committee for an Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology

Non-lethal guns (NLWs) are designed to lessen fatalities and different undesired collateral harm whilst used. occasions of the previous few years together with the assault at the USS Cole have raised principles concerning the function NLWs can play in bettering aid to naval forces. particularly to what quantity and in what parts may still division of the military (DoN) -sponsored technological know-how and expertise (S&T) offer a learn base for constructing NLW functions? to aid with this query and to guage the present NLWs application, the Joint Non-Lethal guns Directorate (JNLWD) and the workplace of Naval examine (ONR) asked the nationwide study Council practice an overview of NLWs technology and know-how. The record offers the result of that evaluation. It discusses promising NLW S&T components, improvement accomplishments and matters approximately NLW, and sequence of ideas approximately destiny NLW improvement and application.

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March 7, 1996. 6American Systems Corporation. 1999. , December. 7Department of Defense. 2001. C. S. Navy Needs for NLWs A spectrum of missions, both defensive and offensive, that are unique to the Navy can employ NLWs. The defensive missions include force protection— particularly for vessels with heightened vulnerabilities, such as those in port, those transiting straits and other choke points, and those in military supply convoys. The offensive missions include ship interdiction, blockades, and strikes.

THE CURRENT STATUS OF NON-LETHAL WEAPONS 25 energy NLWs are concepts combined with other non-lethal techniques, such as non-lethal mines delivering smoke, electric shock, or pepper spray for area denial, and grenades for delivering anti-riot gas. Kinetic-energy NLWs were among the first non-lethal weapons developed, and they have been used extensively by police, troops, and security forces. Most non-lethal rounds and grenades are designed to be fired from existing weapons. The short range of many of these munitions, together with their deteriorating accuracy at range, limits their use to situations involving short standoff distances.

Armed patrol boats may not be acceptable to host nations. S. ships in international harbors must rely on diplomatic negotiation, not just on the technological ability to distinguish a legitimate threat from many benign activities. Having non-lethal weapons options available could support such negotiations. Other Defensive Needs While the need for protection of ships in port is an all-too-familiar example following the attack on the USS Cole, other types of defensive mission needs can also be facilitated by NLWs.

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