A Kingdom of Stargazers: Astrology and Authority in the Late by Michael A. Ryan

By Michael A. Ryan

Astrology within the center a while was once thought of a department of the mystical arts, one trained via Jewish and Muslim clinical wisdom in Muslim Spain. As such it used to be deeply troubling to a couple Church professionals. utilizing the celebrities and planets to divine the longer term ran counter to the orthodox Christian idea that humans have unfastened will, and a few clerical experts argued that it probably entailed the summoning of religious forces thought of diabolical. we all know that occult ideals and practices turned common within the later center a while, yet there's a lot concerning the phenomenon that we don't comprehend. for example, how deeply did occult ideals penetrate courtly tradition and what precisely did these in positions of energy wish to achieve by means of interacting with the occult? In A state of Stargazers, Michael A. Ryan examines the curiosity in astrology within the Iberian state of Aragon, the place principles approximately magic and the occult have been deeply intertwined with notions of energy, authority, and providence.

Ryan specializes in the reigns of Pere III (1336–1387) and his sons Joan I (1387–1395) and Martí I (1395–1410). Pere and Joan spent lavish quantities of cash on astrological writings, and astrologers held nice sway inside of their courts. while Martí I took the throne, although, he was firm to purge Joan's courtiers and go back to spiritual orthodoxy. As Ryan indicates, the charm of astrology to these in strength was once transparent: predicting the longer term via divination was once a priceless device for addressing the intense problems―political, non secular, demographic―plaguing Europe within the fourteenth century. in the meantime, the kings' contemporaries in the noble, ecclesiastical, and mercantile elite had their very own purposes for eager to comprehend what the long run held, yet their engagement with the occult was once at once on the topic of the quantity of energy and authority the monarch exhibited and utilized. A country of Stargazers joins a starting to be physique of scholarship that explores the blending of non secular and magical rules within the overdue center Ages.

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Other individuals also offered their thoughts and expertise in discussing and reading over portions of the manuscript. D. Jack Norton and Andrea Burns, colleagues and very dear friends from our shared time at the University of Minnesota, read over drafts of the prospectus and introductory chapters. Discussions over the years with Char Aloisio, Mark Aloisio, Ellen Arnold, Bridget Bentz-Sizer, Matt Desing, Doris Dirks, Chris Freeman, Greg Gidden, James Kinane, Don Leech, Arnold Lelis, Spencer Lucas, Larry Mott, Troy Osborne, April Pickrel, Eric Richtmyer, Heidi Sherman, Jason Smith, Kate Staples, Nancy Stone, Marynel Ryan Van Zee, Emily Weglian, and, particularly, Karolyn Kinane were always inspiring and crucial to the conception and writing of this study.

John and Anne Tedeschi (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980), 107; and Stephen Pumfrey, Paolo L. Rossi, and Maurice Slawinski, eds. Science, Culture and Popular Belief in Renaissance Europe (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1994). See also the collection of essays by William R. Newman and Anthony Grafton, eds. Secrets of Nature: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001). 11. Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Poets, Saints, and Visionaries of the Great Schism, 1378–1417 (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2006), 15.

Kings and Their Heavens: The Ceremonious and the Negligent 5. To Condemn a King: The Inquisitor and the Notary 6. A Return to Orthodoxy: The Ascension of Martí I and the End of an Era Epilogue: An Unfortunate Claimant: Jaume el Dissortat, the Rise of the Trastámaras, and beyond the Closing of the Ecumene Bibliography ACKNOWLEDGMENTS By their very nature, the stars elicit wonder and fascination in those who view them. They also provide hope. In studying the individuals who were interested in sidereal matters in the later Middle Ages, it struck me how much they invested their hopes in the stars.

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