By Muriel H. Wright
Greater than a century and a part in the past Oklahoma used to be selected to turn into the house of the purple guy within the usa. this present day, sixty-seven tribes as commonly divergent because the 5 Civilized Tribes from the Southeast, the Plains tribes from the West, the Seneca from Ohio, and the indigenous Osage live inside its limitations. extra Indian tribes have retained their personality and id in Oklahoma than in the other kingdom of the Union. while, the yank Indian in Oklahoma is very revered colleague of his white modern in company, the professions, artwork, song, and in another stroll of lifestyles. it's major that there are not any reservations within the nation. many of the Indians are smooth americans in customs, conduct, and get dressed and feature a similar lifestyle as the other citizen of the kingdom. Nowhere else within the usa are available the sort of mixing of the blood and the civilization of the Anglo-American and the yank Indian. This consultant to the Indian Tribes of Oklahoma lists alphabetically the tribes in the country- twenty-nine of that have retained their tribal id within the jurisdiction of a number of the Indian organisations, and thirty-eight small tribes and fragments of tribes now not famous individually. No related paintings has been issued on account that Frederick Webb Hodge's guide of yank Indians North of Mexico used to be released in volumes in 1910 and 1911. the current encyclopedic remedy of the topic of Oklahoma indians give you the following info for many tribes: starting place of the tribal identify, linguistic inventory, actual features, current situation, numbers, heritage, executive and association, modern lifestyles and tradition, and ceremonials and public dances. furthermore, there's a record of advised examining concerning each one tribe. quantity 33 within the Civilizations of the yankee Indian sequence
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Additional resources for A Guide to the Indian Tribes of Oklahoma (Civilization of the American Indian)
Mary Keokuk 227 Osceola 229 Seminole Capitol at Wewoka 231 Governor John Brown 234 Governor Brown's Home 235 Emhaka Academy for Girls 236 Shawnee Girls, 1853 243 Tawakoni Jim 248 Wichita Grass-thatched House 256 B. N. O. Walker 262 Catholic Church Built by Matthias Splitlog 263 Timpoochee Barnard 266 SPAR June Townsend 267 Army Nurse Ann Alice Townsend 268 Page xix Maps The Indian Territory, 183755 6 The Indian Territory, 185666 12 The Indian Territory, 186690 16 Oklahoma and Indian Territory, 189091 18 Oklahoma, 1951 24 Page 3 Introduction More Indian tribes have retained their character and identity in Oklahoma than in any other state of the Union.
Original Indian materials in my possession and notes from private collections of friends in Oklahoma have furnished valuable additional data. The bound volumes of the old Indian Territory newspapers in the files of the Oklahoma Historical Society have yielded interesting facts. Special field research provided information on present-day conditions and locations of the Indian tribal groups. The Indian laws and treaties issued under United States government auspices have been basic texts used constantly in preparing the manuscript, and the compiled laws and session laws published under the authority of the governments of the Five Civilized Tribes have likewise been valuable.
The Spiro Mound yielded objects that show the development, crafts, and culture of the people who laid them away in the earth possibly more than one thousand years ago. Among these objects are large ceremonial pipe bowls beautifully carved from stone, perfectly shaped arrowheads and bird points of flint, pottery jars and bowls, pieces of woven cloth and basketry, copper ornaments, and large conch- and sea-shell ornaments and gorgets etched with designs strangely like those of the old Mayan culture in southern Mexico.