A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal by Carl Darling Buck

By Carl Darling Buck

Originally released in 1949 and showing now for the 1st time in a paperbound version, Buck's Dictionary is still an essential instrument for diachronic research of the Indo-European languages. prepared in keeping with the that means of phrases, the paintings comprises greater than 1,000 groupings of synonyms from the crucial Indo-European languages. greenback first tabulates the phrases describing a specific inspiration after which discusses their etymological and semantic historical past, tracing adjustments in which means of the basis phrases in addition to featuring situations indicating which of the older types were changed by way of expressions of colloquial or overseas origin.

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Extra info for A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages: A Contribution to the History of Ideas

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Here, too, however, there is a significant difference. English adopted Danish and French words because speakers of those languages controlled and subjugated native English speakers. Yeshivish borrows Semitic words because those words call to Yeshivish people from books. It borrows Yiddish words because its speakers respect their forebears. Yeshivish is less the result of linguistic diffusion than of cultural veneration. Even if Yeshivish is a legitimate language, there remains a question of whether the yeshiva community should raise a generation of children competently conversant in no other language, such as standard English.

For example, “noise” and “sound” may be responses to the same sensory stimulus, but the choice of one symbol over the other, say, to describe a new variety of music, conveys the speaker's opinion and changes the referent in the mind of a listener who has not yet heard the new music. When an adopted symbol has one referent in the parent language and a different one in the adoptive language, the word is said to have undergone a semantic shift. Each of the new combinations of symbol + referent is considered to be the exclusive property of each langue.

FRUMSPEAK A ach-dus n. Sense of common purpose fostering harmony: UNITY, SOLIDARITY. ” [

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