A Brief History of the Netherlands (Brief History) by Paul F State

By Paul F State

Regardless of the country's small measurement, the Netherlands has performed a comparatively huge half within the historical past of trade, govt, artwork, and faith, and it has left an indelible imprint on all the world's continents. this article presents a normal evaluate of the heritage of the rustic from precedent days onwards.

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Along the IJssel emerged towns—Deventer, Kampen, Oldenzaal, Zwolle, and Zutphen—built on the exchange of commodities that grew to include salt, timber, wax, amber, resins, and grain, as well as fish. These towns joined the Hanseatic League, the alliance of trading towns that, from the 13th to the 16th centuries, maintained a trade monopoly covering the Baltic Sea and parts of northern Germany. Membership reflected the strategic significance of these communities as trading places along the route that linked the forests and farming lands in Scandinavia and northern Germany with bustling towns in Flanders and Brabant such as Bruges, Ghent, and Antwerp, busy producing cloth, in the southern Low Countries.

The marriage took place in 1297, the year after Floris’s brutal murder; he was the victim of an international conspiracy against him led by Guy of Dampierre, count of Flanders, Floris’s rival for control of Zeeland, and by Edward, now an ally of Flanders who had moved the lucrative trade in English wool from 27 A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE NETHERLANDS Dordrecht in Holland to Mechelen in Brabant. Ironies could abound in the complicated diplomatic maneuverings of medieval Europe. Floris V was followed by his son John I, who, at 15 in 1299, died childless, and with him the dynasty that had ruled Holland in the male line for almost 400 years.

West Frisia, which today refers to the extreme northern sections of the province of North Holland, was almost completely severed from the rest of Frisia. On the northern coast, the great inundation of December 14, 1287, ravaged the land. 17 A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE NETHERLANDS The first dikes of significance started to appear in the seventh and eighth centuries, and systematic building began about 1000. Coastal dwellers would surround lowlands, where tides could enter and retreat freely, with walls made of sand, carried into place with carts and shovels and planted with grass to keep the sand in place.

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